You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience.
According to the Scoliosis Research Society idiopathic scoliosis has been defined as a lateral (side to side) curvature of the spine greater than 10 degrees as measured using the Cobb method on a standing x-ray. The curve develops due to a 3-dimensional deformity of the spine causing changes from left to right, front to back and in rotation. It is a pathology of the neuro-musculo-skeletal system which involves postural changes and growth asymmetry and is thought to be of genetic origin.
Idiopathic Scoliosis is present in 2 – 4% of the population of children between 10 – 17 years of age. It is more common in girls than boys, 8 out of 10 are young girls.Idiopathic scoliosis is classified based on the age of the patient when it is first identified.
Infantile Scoliosis - accounts for less than 1% of all cases.
Juvenile Scoliosis - accounts for 12 - 21% of all patients with idiopathic scoliosis and is first detected between the ages of 3 - 10 years of age.
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis - account for about 80% of cases found between the ages of 10 - 17 or skeletal maturity.
Adult Idiopathic Scoliosis may also be present as a pre-existing condition or as a new condition (Denovo Degenerative Scoliosis)
As a parent if you want to know if your child might have scoliosis assess them for the following:
• Shoulders different heights
• One shoulder blade is more prominent than the other
• Head is not centered directly above the pelvis
• Appearance of a raised, prominent hip
• Rib cage appears different heights
• Uneven waist
• Leaning of entire body to one side.
|Inherited Disorders of Connective Tissue||Neurological Disorders||Musculoskeletal|
Marfan syndrome Homocystinuria
|Tethered cord syndrome
Familial dysautonomia (Riley-Day syndrome)
|Leg length discrepancy
Developmental dysplasia of the hip